Prevention of MS Development

So far there are no known and verified possibilities of primary prevention, i.e. strategies aiming to prevent the development of the disease.

Secondary prevention

The most common cause of development of MS, or of its worsening, is the state of weakening of the organism, such as e.g. respiratory, or other infections. Especially virus infections are connected with both, showing up of first symptoms, and a new outburst of the disease. It is apparently because of its ability to activate nonspecifically the immune system. Prevention of infections through rational behavior in high-risk periods is a basic measure. Or we can avoid the viral infections with antiviral drugs.

In case of an infectious disease it is necessary to rest, constantly decrease the temperature, and to start using antibiotics early to avoid bacterial superinfection in weakened mucous membranes. In case of repeated infections, it is necessary in cooperation with an immunologist to administer intramuscular immunoglobulins once in 2 or 3 weeks.

Also long-term stress, and stress connected with operation and general anaesthesia, or vaccination represent a great burden for the organism. Usually, vaccination is not recommended because of the risk of activating the immune system, and the possibility of triggering an attack. In women hormonal changes – birth, and, particularly postpartum period, menarche, or menopause – have a great influence. These changes represent a risk period regarding worsening of MS.

Therefore, very important measure is taking care of physical and psychical condition, exercising of strategies to cope with stress, not overloading the organism, and maybe the adjustment of the working conditions.

In order to avoid worsening of the state, an early institution of treatment is essential, and in case of poor effect, an escalation of therapy.

MS disease is not contagious.